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让你的雅思口语不再近义副词 “混用”

2016-11-12 18:33 中国新闻资讯 点击次数 :

  运用大量的副词词汇是雅思口语中的一个加分利器,可是在数年的雅思口语教学中却发现了很多中国雅思考生用混了那么多的近义副词。今天就列举一下常用错的。

  n Almost adv. 几乎,差不多。

  Those who signed up were almost women (X)

  Those who signed up were mostly women (√)

  (报名参加者几乎都是女人)

  Almost 是“几近乎”的意思,所以almost women是不正确的说法。 Mostly 是“十之八九的”意思。

  n Especially adv. 特别地,尤其

  I’m not specially interested in politics (x)

  I’m not especially interested in politics (√)

  (我对政治并不特别感兴趣).

  Not especially=not particularly =not very , 皆用来表程度上“并不特别”。至于specially 大都是来表达“以特别的方式”或“为特定的目的”,如: The cheongsam is specially designed for your wedding .

  n Fair adv. 公平地

  I hope all of you will play fairly (X)

  I hope all of you will play fair (√)

  (我希望你们大家要公平竞争)

  Play fair 意为“公平竞争/比赛”,是固定用法,其中的fair 是副词。 另一个固定的用法是fair and square,意思为“诚实而无欺地”, 如: Make sure every deal is fair and square (每笔交易务必要诚实无欺)。

  n Lately adv. 最近

  Lately she told me something about her past (X)

  Recently she told me something about her past (√)

  Lately (最近),限于现在完成时搭配。 Recently (最近)可搭配现在完成时或一般过去时使用。

  n Otherwise adv. 否则,以相反的方式

  Many people believed Nick was honest, but I thought opposite (X)

  Many people believed Nick was honest, but I thought otherwise (√)

  (很多人相信尼克诚实,可是我不以为然).

  Say/think/decide otherwise 表“有不同的或者相反的说法/想法/决定,是固定的用法。

  n Near adv 接近

  Their wedding day is drawing nearly (X)

  Their wedding day is drawing near (√)

  (他们结婚的日子快到了).

  Draw near 是指某一件事举行的时间“拉近”了,为固定的用法,Nearly 是“几乎”之意。 如: The work took me nearly an entire week to complete (这项工作几乎花了我一整个星期才完成).

  n Bad adv 很,非常

  You cannot imagine how bad I need the money (X)

  You cannot imagine how badly I need the money (√)

  (你无法想象我多么的需要这笔钱).

  Bad 在口语中也可以作副词用, 如: Are you hurt bad? 你伤的很严重么? Badly 一般表示“非常,在很大程度上”。

  n Best adv 最

  She has become the most known anchorwomen on TV.(X)

  She has become the best known anchorwoman on TV.(√)

  She has become the most famous anchorwoman on TV. (√)。

  The best known=the most famous 均表示“最有名的”,为固定用法。

  n Cheap adv 便宜地

  The repairman did not come cheaply, but he really did a great job (X)

  The repairman did not come cheap, but he really did a great job (√)

  (请这名修理工花了不少钱,不过他所做的也令人满意).

  n Aloud adv 大声地

  Read it loudly so that I can hear (X)

  Read it aloud so that I can hear (√)

  Read it loud so that I can hear (√)

  (念的大声点我才听得见).

  Loudly 是“很大声地”,几近乎制造噪音,这个用法相当于副词loud ,如: Don’t talk so loud /loudly (不要这么大声说话). Aloud 或out loud 是指“声音大到可以让人听得见”.

  n Back adv 后面,向后

  Once you marry that guy, there will be no going backward (X)

  Once you marry that guy, there will be no going back (√).

  Don’t speak ill of others behind their back (X)

  Don’t speak ill of others behind their backs (√).

  更多雅思机经、雅思试题、雅思复习计划、雅思培训以及雅思考试技巧等相关信息,请持续关注环球教育官方网站!

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